- (1726-94)Alsatian Jewish leader. He worked as an army contractor and employed many Jews in his factories. In 1780 he asked Moses Mendelssohn to help him in his efforts to improve the position of the Jews in Alsace. He commissioned a translation into French of Christian Wilhelm von Dohm's book encouraging Jewish emancipation. This resulted in the appointment of a commission to report to the king concerning the legal position of the Jews. As a conse-quence the poll tax for Jewry was abolished.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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CERFBERR, HERZ — (1726–1794), French politician and philanthropist. Born in Medelsheim, Alsace, Cerfberr prospered as an army contractor and employed his wealth and influence to promote the welfare of his community. After receiving French citizenship in 1775 for… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Cerf (surname) — Cerf is a surname, and may refer to: Bennett Cerf (1898–1971), publisher and co founder of Random House Christopher Cerf (born 1941), his son, American author, composer lyricist, and record and television producer Jonathan Cerf, his son, author… … Wikipedia
ALSACE — ALSACE, former province of the Germanic (Holy Roman) Empire, and from 1648, of france , including the present department of Haut Rhin and Bas Rhin. Middle Ages The first evidence of Jews in Alsace is reported by benjamin of Tudela who mentions (c … Encyclopedia of Judaism
FRENCH REVOLUTION — Position of the Jews before the Revolution The nature, status, and rights of the Jews became an issue of public consequence in france in the last two decades before the outbreak of the Revolution in 1789. The Jewish population was then divided… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Medelsheim (disambiguation) — Medelsheim Medelsheim (de) Family names Herz Cerfbeer of Medelsheim Maximilien Charles Alphonse Cerfberr of Medelsheim Samson Cerfberr of Medelsheim Categories: Jewish familiesJewish history stubsGermany stubs … Wikipedia
AUERBACH, ABRAHAM BEN SELIG AVI'EZRI — (1763–1845), Alsatian rabbi. Auerbach, a nephew of david sinzheim , was born in Bouxwiller. He was in charge of the affairs of the Strasbourg community, subsequently serving as rabbi of Forbach (Alsace), Neuwied, Coblenz, and Bonn. During the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
CONTRACTORS — Persons contracted for army supply and building, mainly road construction. While the initial possession of financial and commercial expertise and substantial resources was a necessary prerequisite for engaging in this occupation, it provided a… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Jerusalem (Mendelssohn) — Title page of the first edition (Berlin: Friedrich Maurer, 1783) … Wikipedia
Balzac — (spr. sack), 1) Jean Louis Guez de, franz. Schriftsteller, geb. 1597 in Angoulême, wurde unter Richelieu Staatsrat, Historiograph von Frankreich und Mitglied der Akademie und starb auf seinem Schloß an der Charente 18. Febr. 1654. B. hat auf die… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
FRANCE — (Heb. פְרַאנְצִיָּה and צָרְפַת), country in Western Europe. This entry is arranged according to the following outline: from the first settlements unil the revolution the roman and merovingian periods from the carolingians until the eve of the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism